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Tuesday, February 22, 2011

ASBESTOS IN BUILDING CAUSES MESOTHELIOMA CANCER

Mesothelioma, or malignant mesothelioma, is a rare form of cancer caused by exposure to asbestos in buildings. Malignant Mesothelioma develops from the mesothelium, the protective lining that covers many of the body's internal organs. Mostly it is affected in outer lining of lungs, called pleura . Mesothelioma is rarely seen in the lining of the abdominal cavity called peritoneum, and also in the pericardium of the heart. The common symptoms of mesothelioma include shortness of breath due to fluid between the lung and the chest wall or chest wall, pain, weight loss, Fatigue or anemia, Wheezing, hoarseness, or cough and Blood in the sputum (fluid) coughed up (hemoptysis) etc.

Who is on risk of Mesothelioma Cancer?

ASBESTOS CANCER

Working  with and exposure of asbestos is the major risk factor for mesothelioma. Mesothelioma have seen more on people who faced instances of inhaled asbestos and glass particles, or they have been exposed to asbestos dust and fiber in other ways.

There are studies proved that washing the clothes of a family member who worked with asbestos or glass can put a person at risk for developing mesothelioma. Several studies proved that Mesothelioma has also been associated with irradiation, intrapleural thorium dioxide, and inhalation of other fibrous silicates, such as erionite.

Many building materials used in both public and domestic premises contain asbestos. This is another risk factor for mesothelioma. People who are living in newly constructed houses with asbestos, are more likely to get mesothelioma due to the exposure of dust of asbestos through their food and water. The presence of asbestos fibers in water supplies and food products posing high risk of mesothelioma cancer, especially to children.

In many Asian countries, asbestos has been widely used in many industrial products, including cement, brake linings, gaskets, roof shingles, flooring products, textiles, and insulation. In manufacturing units, the workers are heavily prone to asbestos dust. Therefore the family members and others living with asbestos workers have an increased risk of developing mesothelioma cancer.

Treatment

Other than some newer chemotherapies and multimodality treatments, there is no major developments in this section. If any of our readers can share some good news, please comment here to share with readers.

References:

  • Ashrafian H, Athanasiou T, Yap J, DeSouza AC. Two-chamber intracardiac mesothelioma. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2005 Jun;
  • Eastbourne Today. "Woman's death from asbestos". Retrieved 2008-10-28.
  • Alastair J Moore, Robert J Parker, John Wiggins (2008). "Malignant mesothelioma". Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 3
  • Muscat JE, Wynder EL (May 1991). "Cigarette smoking, asbestos exposure, and malignant mesothelioma".
  • EBSCO database verified by URAC; accessed from Mount Sinai Hospital, New York
  • Roggli VL, Sharma A, Butnor KJ, Sporn T, Vollmer RT (2002). "Malignant mesothelioma and occupational exposure to asbestos: a clinicopathological correlation of 1445 cases".
  • "Mesothelioma risks and causes : Cancer Research UK : CancerHelp UK". Cancerhelp.org.uk. 2010-06-23.

 

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