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Wednesday, December 29, 2010

Dietary Supplements- Caution before you buy

My readers must be safe from harmful products that are marketed as dietary supplements and that contain undeclared or deceptively labeled ingredients. According to FDA, these products are often promoted for weight loss, sexual enhancement, and bodybuilding. All of you must avoid products marketed as supplements that claim to have effects similar to prescription drugs and must be aware of products with labeling only in a foreign language or that are marketed through mass e-mails.

 

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Warning- Signs of tainted products marketed as dietary supplements

  • Products claiming to be alternatives to FDA-approved drugs or to have effects similar to prescription drugs.
  • Products claiming to be a legal alternative to anabolic steroids.
  • Products that are marketed primarily in a foreign language or those that are marketed through mass e-mails.
  • Sexual enhancement products promising rapid effects such as working in minutes to hours, or long-lasting effects such as 24 hours to 72 hours.
  • Products that provide warnings about testing positive in performance enhancement drug tests.

There is an emerging trend among people to believe in decorated stories about the success in using such products. FDA suggests in their website that if you are using or considering using any product marketed as a dietary supplement, then never forget to

  • check with your health care professional or a registered dietician on any nutrients you may need in addition to your regular diet
  • ask yourself: Does it sound too good to be true?
    • Be cautious if the claims for the product seem exaggerated or unrealistic
    • Watch out for extreme claims—for example, "quick and effective," "cure-all;" "can treat or cure diseases; or "totally safe"
    • Be skeptical about anecdotal information from personal “testimonials” about incredible benefits or results obtained from using a product
  • ask your health care professional for help distinguishing between reliable and questionable information

Disclaimer: This article sourced from FDA's Consumer Updates page, which features the latest on all FDA-regulated products.

More to Read:

Saturday, November 13, 2010

ENDOSULFAN KILLING PEOPLE IN INDIAN STATE KERALA–TIME TO REACT

Endosulfan has been used to control insect pests and in wood preservation, home gardening, and tse-tse fly control. It is a Xenoestrogen which is a synthetic substance that imitates or enhances the effect of estrogens that can act as an endocrine disruptor, causing reproductive and developmental damage in both animals and humans. Whether Endosulfan can cause cancer is yet to be confirmed and studies are going on in the matter.

Endosulfan belongs to the group of highly toxic chemicals called persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and has already been banned in 56 countries because of its high toxicity and environmental contamination.

Recently we have seen some shocking incidents of possible Endosulfan side effects. The below given pictures are collected from various sources but are real up to my knowledge.

Thumbs down Dec. 3-10: No Pesticides Use Week

endosulfan5endosulfanvictimendosulfan3end_9419a_JPG_9419f

How people became like this?

The government-owned Plantation Corporation of Kerala aerially sprayed Endosulfan in an area of nearly 4,700 acres in Kasargod for more than 26 years, neglecting all warnings and precautionary steps advised by organizations throughout the world. The plantations are located in mountain areas. The sprayed Endosulfan and its residues drained with rain water and thereby reached almost all sources of drinking water

Now, the poor villagers who lived close to the plantation are in deep trouble. Different types of known and unknown illness pushed them into a war like situation. Swarga and other areas like Padre, Muliyar and Bellur in Kasargod district of Kerala, Southern most past of India, have become living examples of careless application of this dangerous pesticide.

What actions taken against Endosulfan in countries other than India:

  • In 2002, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service recommends that Endosulfan should be cancelled.
  • In 2008 February, Natural Resources Defense Council, Organic Consumers Association, and the United Farm Workers call on the U.S. EPA to ban Endosulfan.
  • In 2008 May, coalitions of scientists, environmental groups, and arctic tribes ask the EPA to cancel Endosulfan.
  • In 2008July a coalition of environmental and workers groups file a lawsuit against the EPA challenging its 2002 decision to not ban Endosulfan.
  • In 2008, October, the Review Committee of the Stockholm Convention moved Endosulfan along in the procedure for listing under the treaty, while India blocked its addition to the Rotterdam Convention.
  • In 2009, New Zealand bans the use of Endosulfan.
  • In 2009, the Stockholm Convention's Review Committee agrees that Endosulfan is a persistent organic pollutant and that "global action is warranted", setting the stage of a global ban
  • In 2010, U.S. EPA announces that all uses of Endosulfan in the U.S. will be cancelled
  • In 2010, Australia banned the use of Endosulfan.

What actions taken in India, especially in the most affected Kerala:

No major steps taken by Indian Government to study the after effects of Endosulfan or ban it based on the reports from other developed countries. Kerala State Government banned Endosulfan two years before. Unfortunately, this pesticide is now freely available even in small shops in Kerala.

image

 

  • Who will save these children?
  • Who will help them to survive further in their life?
  • Who will come forward to help thousands of families affected by this pesticide?
  • A ban of this pesticide cannot be the final solution- Who will order the pesticide manufacturing companies to provide compensation for these poor people?

Many questions coming into my weeping mind. And I am dedicating this post to all those who are suffering with Endosulfan dangers.

More to read:

Thursday, November 11, 2010

RESEARCH STUDIES ON REUSING COOKING OIL

After publishing a post about the possible Dangers in using cooking oil, we have received many emails asking about the validity of that post. Some distinguished readers asked for a proof that the ideas stated on the post are correct. In this post, we would like to share the sources from which we decided to make such a post. Also, there are numerous studies going on in this subject in various universities worldwide.

REUSE COOKED OILKindly note that in some countries, the health authorities permitting to reuse cooked oil, with certain conditions. They have set some protocols in the first use of cooking oil. Hopes that these links will help you to get an idea about how the world takes this matter on.

 

Chinese Government  Orders to stop reusing cooked oil

While the government order did not specify a health risk, state media and industry experts said the recycled oil could have carcinogens and traces of aflatoxin, a potentially deadly mold.

"There's only a slim chance that you will be poisoned immediately afterwards if you eat this 'gutter oil,'" said Zheng Fengtian, a food safety expert at Renmin University in Beijing. "The biggest problem is that after eating this overcooked oil, people could -- though some don't -- develop cancer in 10 or 20 years."

News Source: http://www.boston.com/news/world/asia/articles/2010/07/20/china_sounds_alarm_over_filthy_cooking_oil/?page=1

 

1. University of Minnesota researchers A. Saari Csallany, a professor of food chemistry and nutritional biochemistry, and graduate student Christine Seppanen have shown that when highly unsaturated vegetable oils are heated at frying temperature (365 F) for extended periods--or even for half an hour--a highly toxic compound, HNE (4-hydroxy-trans-2-nonenal) forms in the oil.

Csallany's work underscores the risk of repeated heating, or reusing, highly unsaturated oils for frying because HNE accumulates with each heating cycle. In future studies, Csallany and her colleagues plan to determine how long polyunsaturated oil must be heated at lower temperatures in order to form HNE and its related compounds. The study was funded by the University of Minnesota.

2. Hypertension is related to the degradation of dietary frying oils.

Soriguer F, Rojo-Martínez G, Dobarganes MC, García Almeida JM, Esteva I, Beltrán M, Ruiz De Adana MS, Tinahones F, Gómez-Zumaquero JM, García-Fuentes E, González-Romero S.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14668269?dopt=Abstract

 

3. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, December 2003.

 

4. RECYCLED COOKING OILS: ASSESSMENT OF RISKS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH
Final Study - Working document for the STOA Panel

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/stoa/publications/studies/1999_envi_01_en.pdf

 

More Dangers to read:

Friday, October 22, 2010

60 COOL USES OF GOOGLE HEALTH

Google Health launched two years ago as a pilot program considering the democratic uses and benefits of remote-access — but secure — electronic health records. Now, anyone can set up a Google Health account to store medical records, receive lab results, chat with doctors, and even track health and wellness goals. It's a free tool that facilitates much of the paperwork and administrative side of health care, and here are some of the cool things you can get out of it, whether you're a nurse, medical technician or doctor, or a patient.

This article is a guest post as reproduced with permission- originally written By Kitty Holman, http://www.nursingschools.net

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Use your Google account username and password to join Google Health at http://www.google.com/health/

Personal Health Information and Records

Learn how to customize your Google Health profile with records from your doctor, your own files and other services and options.

  1. Create a profile for everyone in the family: You can organize every family member's health records with their own profile.
  2. Customize your dashboard: Customize your own dashboard to display medical records, notices, medications, wellness graphs, and goals.
  3. Advance Directives: Store in Google Health intents and wishes when you can't speak for yourself, like end-of-life care and designating people to make decisions for you.
  4. Medicare records: If you live in Utah or Arizona, you can take advantage of a one-year pilot program with Medicare Fee-for-Service to get the last 24 months of your Medicare claims info. sent to Google Health.
  5. Transfer information: You have the right to approve transactions from clinical records to your Google Health profile, dealing with lab results, allergies, medications and medical history.
  6. Choose to have messages sent by e-mail or U.S. mail: If you're worried about privacy or hackers, you can choose to have alerts sent by U.S. mail.
  7. Add medical contacts: Add doctor, clinic and hospital contact information to store in a safe, access-from-anywhere place.
  8. Unlink health services: If you change your mind about sharing information with a service, you can always unlink them from your profile.
  9. Upload your own files: You can also upload your own medical files or personal files from your computer, and can be shared with the people who have access to your profile.
  10. Remove old medical history: You don't have to keep your entire life's medical history on your Google Health record: you can delete the less important stuff for a clutter-free record.
  11. Share your profile: Share your profile with family members, in-case-of-emergency-people, doctors and anyone else who has an invested interested in your well being (and whom you trust).
  12. Keep track of health insurance policies: Add or change policies as your coverage changes.
  13. Track notes: You'll have space to add notes about all of your medical information, like side effects, questions, or encouragement.
  14. Give your profile your full name: You don't have to use your regular Google username for your profile: you can rename it so that it reflects your full name, which is more easily recognized by doctors.
  15. Add health topics as you go: To further customize your profile, you can add health topics as you go, like test results, procedures, immunizations, health insurance information and more.
  16. Minimize paper records: While it's important to have back-up copies of certain files, you can cut down on paperwork — and the number of times you have to pull out and reorganize your hard copies — by relying on Google Health.
  17. View prescription history: You'll see an entry each time you renewed a prescription.
  18. Delete your profile: You can permanently delete a single profile or your entire Google Health account if you decide you don't want to use it anymore.

Goal Setting

Here you'll learn how to track goals and view your progress as graphs or tables.

  1. Graph weight-loss goals: Google Health now lets you track your weight-loss goal on graphs.
  2. Set and track several goals: You can set and track several different goals, from sleeping better to weight loss to eating right to sticking with your meds.
  3. Organize goals by topic: Called tracker topics, your goals will be separated into different categories alongside similar records, test results, etc. For instance, medical test goals will be stored with Test Results, and if you're trying to run a half marathon, that will be kept in the Wellness section.
  4. Journaling: Keep a weight-loss journal, too.
  5. View goals in Table view: Change tracker displays to a table view for a different perspective.
  6. See how far you've come: Don't just track your progress: define an endpoint and see how far you've come, and what you need to do to get there.
  7. Change goals: If you need to revise a goal, or set a new one, you can click on the Change link next to the goal.

Featured Partners and Third-Party Services

Here are some of the partners who've linked up with Google Health to bring you even more services.

  1. CVS: Set up your comprehensive pharmacy history via the CVS partnership on Google Health.
  2. CardioTrainer: Use the popular fitness and running app CardioTrainer to track mileage, speed, elevation, calories burned and time.
  3. FitBit: Track calories burned, steps taken, and even sleep quality with FitBit.
  4. RxAmerica: Share prescription history from RxAmerica so that you can choose your own drugs to save money and compare drugs (and side effects).
  5. Allscripts: Electronic health solutions company Allscripts extends its ePrescribe option to Google Health users.
  6. iHealth: Powered my Medem, iHealth facilitates secure communication between doctors and Google Health users.
  7. Medco: Medco users can store prescription information with this partnership.
  8. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center: BIDMC patients can link to PatientSite via Google Health.
  9. NoMoreClipboard: Link up with this service if you want them to send your records to the doctor of your choosing.
  10. Hello Health: This service makes it easier to chat, send text messages, track in-person visits and e-mail your regular doctor.
  11. MyDailyApple: Through e-mail or RSS, get health and medical news updates.
  12. Walgreens: If Walgreens is where you fill your prescriptions, they'll save your history for you with this service.
  13. Kmart: Kmart patrons can use this service to collect and refer to medical records, lab results, medication information, and more.
  14. Cleveland Clinic MyConsult: Get second opinions and nutrition consults from Cleveland Clinic specialists.
  15. HealthGrades: You'll get more support for the "Find a Doctor" service with this tool.
  16. MyMedSchedule.com: Learn more about your medication by viewing pictures, setting up a medication chart, signing up for e-mail reminders to take your meds, and printing your schedule in English or Spanish.
  17. Anvita Health Partner Profile: With the Anvita app, you can view automatically generated analyses of drug interactions and conditions when you add new data.
  18. TrialX: TrialX generates clinical trial suggestions based on your personal medical information in Google Health.
  19. Physicians Wellness Network: Order lab testes online to streamline the process.
  20. Lifestar: Build customized "views" of your health information to print, share or store on USB devices and more.
  21. MedNotes by Drugs.com: Learn about medication recalls and get consumer news with this service.
  22. Quest Diagnostics: Use this partnership to import lab tests from your doctor.

Wellness

Below are some clever uses for Google Health.

  1. Lose weight: You've got all the tools and information available to you to set weight loss goals and track your exercise.
  2. Do your own drug research: Find out about drug recalls, look up drug ingredients, and learn more about what you're putting into your body.
  3. Get your vitals in check: View graphs and set up wellness plans to bring down cholesterol and get your vitals where they should be.
  4. Have informed discussions with your doctor: Instead of forgetting everything your doctor told you when you leave the office, use Google Health to review your charts, set goals, research drugs, and then have an informed discussion with your doctor when you're prepared.
  5. Get a second opinion: It's easy to allow another doctor access to your charts and history to get a second opinions.
  6. Share records with college kids, aging parents and traveling family members: Just because a family member is away at college or on an extended business trip doesn't mean health records have to be faxed or mailed. Keep everyone in the loop with online profiles.
  7. Identify unhealthy patterns: While it's a stretch to say you can diagnose yourself, having all your information charted out in front of you may make it easier to spot unhealthy habits and patterns, like poor sleeping habits or steady weight gain.
  8. Reach out to patients: Instead of sending out impersonal letters, you can discuss lab results and share other health developments in a more personable manner with your patients.
  9. Print out documents to take with you: Print out lists of immunizations or prescriptions to take with you to doctor's appointments or to help you fill out forms instead of trying to remember or having to write everything down.

News and Information

Find out what Google is doing to bring news and information to you via Google Health.

  1. Customized news and content: Depending on your goals or medical conditions, Google will share news stories and informative links on the same subjects.
  2. Browse all…services: Link to third party health services — after granting them permission to access your state and federal-protected records — to find more information about your conditions and medications.
  3. Google Health Advisory Council: Read about the doctors and experts who are designing and consulting for Google Health, and watch a video to get tips on using the tool.
  4. Connect to Google Search: There's a search box located in Google Health that will display Google results for any questions or searches you have.

More for your health

HOME MADE ICECREAM WITHOUT THE RISK OF SALMONELLA INFECTION

Every year homemade ice cream causes several outbreaks of Salmonella infection with up to several hundred victims at church picnics, family reunions, and other large gatherings. From 1996 to 2000 (the latest year for which surveillance was completed), 17 outbreaks resulting in more than 500 illnesses in the United States were traced to Salmonella bacteria in homemade ice cream, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The ingredient responsible for the outbreaks is raw or undercooked eggs.

HOME MADE ICECREAMSA person infected with Salmonella Enteritidis (SE), the strain of Salmonella found most frequently in raw eggs, usually has fever, diarrhea and abdominal cramps beginning 12 to 72 hours after eating or drinking a contaminated food or beverage. The infection generally lasts 4 to 7 days, and most people recover without any treatment. However, for those at high risk--infants, older people, pregnant women, and people with a weakened immune system--it can be life-threatening.

You can still enjoy homemade ice cream without the risk of Salmonella infection by substituting a pasteurized egg product, egg substitute, or pasteurized shell eggs for the raw eggs in your favorite recipe. Egg products are eggs that have been removed from their shells and pasteurized. They may be liquid, frozen, or dried whole eggs, whites, yolks, or blends of egg and other ingredients. Egg products are not widely available at retail; they are predominantly used in institutional food service. Egg substitutes, which may be liquid or frozen, contain only the white of the egg, the part that doesn't have fat and cholesterol, and are readily available at most supermarkets. Pasteurized shell eggs are also available from a growing number of retailers; you'll find them located next to the regular shell eggs. These eggs look and taste just like regular shell eggs, though the white may be slightly cloudy, and they are nutritionally equivalent to their unpasteurized counterparts.

Other options for safe homemade ice cream are to use a cooked egg base or prepare it without eggs. The American Egg Board has a recipe for homemade ice cream made with eggs that are heated to an internal temperature of 160 degrees Fahrenheit and then cooled. This temperature will kill Salmonella, if present. The recipe is available on AEB's website, www.aeb.org. There you will also find recipes for other foods traditionally made with raw or undercooked eggs, such as mayonnaise, Caesar salad dressing, and eggnog. There are also many recipes for homemade ice cream available in cookbooks and from a variety of other sources that do not contain egg ingredients. One such recipe is available from the University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension using the following link: http://lancaster.unl.edu/food/ciq-homemade-ice-cream.shtml.

Even when using pasteurized products, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) advise consumers to start with a cooked base for optimal safety, especially if serving people at high risk. Additionally, you should ensure that the dairy ingredients you use in homemade ice cream, such as milk and cream, are pasteurized.

Commercially manufactured ice cream, mayonnaise, Caesar salad dressing, and eggnog are typically made with pasteurized eggs or egg products or the final product is pasteurized.

FDA continues to work with federal and state agencies, the egg industry, and the scientific community to eliminate egg-associated SE illnesses.

For more information see:
FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
(888) SAFEFOOD (723-3366)
www.cfsan.fda.gov
USDA's Meat and Poultry Hotline
(888) MPHotline (674-6854)

Courtesy: FDA

More to foodish

Monday, September 06, 2010

RAW MILK AND PASTEURIZATION - Debunking Milk Myths

Pasteurization is a process that kills harmful bacteria by heating milk to a specific temperature for a set period of time. First developed by Louis Pasteur in 1864, pasteurization kills harmful organisms responsible for such diseases as listeriosis, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, diphtheria, and brucellosis.

Research shows no meaningful difference in the nutritional values of pasteurized and unpasteurized milk. Pasteurized milk contains low levels of the type of nonpathogenic bacteria that can cause food spoilage, so storing your pasteurized milk in the refrigerator is still important.

While pasteurization has helped provide safe, nutrient-rich milk and cheese for over 120 years, some people continue to believe that pasteurization harms milk and that raw milk is a safe healthier alternative.

Here are some common myths and proven facts about milk and pasteurization:

  • Pasteurizing milk DOES NOT cause lactose intolerance and allergic reations. Both raw milk and pasteurized milk can cause allergic reactions in people sensitive to milk proteins.
  • Raw milk DOES NOT kill dangerous pathogens by itself.
  • Pasteurization DOES NOT reduce milk's nutritional value.
  • Pasteurization DOES NOT mean that it is safe to leave milk out of the refrigerator for extended time, particularly after it has been opened.
  • Pasteurization DOES kill harmful bacteria.
  • Pasteurization DOES save lives.

SAFE TO EAT:

  • Pasteurized milk or cream
  • Hard cheeses such as cheddar, and extra hard grating cheeses such as Parmesan
  • Queso Fresco cheeseSoft cheeses, such as Brie, Camembert, blue-veined cheeses, and Mexican-style soft cheeses such as Queso Fresco, Panela, Asadero, and Queso Blanco made from pasteurized milk
  • Processed cheeses
  • Cream, cottage, and Ricotta cheese made from pasteurized milk
  • Yogurt made from pasteurized milk
  • Pudding made from pasteurized milk
  • Ice cream or frozen yogurt made from pasteurized milk
UNSAFE TO EAT
  • Unpasteurized milk or cream
  • Soft cheeses, such as Brie and Camembert, and Mexican-style soft cheeses such as Queso Fresco, Panela, Asadero, and Queso Blanco made from unpasteurized milk
  • Yogurt made from unpasteurized milk
  • Pudding made from unpasteurized milk
  • Ice cream or frozen yogurt made from unpasteurized milk

Courtesy : FDA

More Tips:

Wednesday, August 25, 2010

BEST TEN FOODS TO FIGHT STRESS

Stress can be defined as an emotional and physical strain caused by external factors which result in mental stress symptoms such as tension, irritability, feeling of tiredness, insomnia( lack of sleep), inability to concentrate etc. Most of us are facing the stress in various occasions of life. People manage to overcome it with various techniques such as Yoga, Breath exercise, or by providing mental nourishment. Here in this post, I would like to explain about some foods that can help you to fight stress. I dedicate this post to all house wives and professionals who struggle to find a rapid simple remedy during their working hours.

 STRESS

Coffee
Take a cup of coffee. Coffee contains caffeine, which is a xanthine alkaloid that acts as a psychoactive stimulant drug. The work stress can easily over come with an intake of one cup of coffee.

Papaya
Eat ripen Papaya. Cut it into pieces, keep it in refrigerator for 10 minutes and eat it slowly. Researchers at the University of Alabama found 200 milligrams of vitamin C in Papaya, twice a day nearly stopped the flow of stress hormones in rats.

Mango
Eat fresh Mango, which is cut into small pieces. If the Mango is little sour then, sprinkle a pinch of salt over that.

Peppermint Tea
The fresh feeling generated by the odor of Peppermint will act as a stimulant to your brain. Close your eyes and sip a cup of Peppermint Tea slowly.

Dates
Eating fresh ripen Dates with Black Tea, will calm your mind. Dates are rich in potassium content, which are very essential for a healthy nervous system. Research reveals that higher potassium intake of about 400 mg can reduce the risk of strokes by 40%. Moreover, dates are low in sodium content, thereby preventing the blood pressure levels from rising.


Avocados
Avocados is another choice to fight stress. Avocado fat is 66 percent monounsaturated, and gram-for-gram, the green fruit has about 35 percent more potassium than a banana. Monounsaturated fatty acids, and potassium will help to combat high blood pressure. 

Cool Lemon Juice
Drink one cup of cool fresh lime juice, which is a rich source of Vitamin C. Vitamin C has proven records as a neuro modulator by releasing into the extracellular fluid of the brain to regulate dopaminergic and glutamatergic transmission.

Almonds
The monounsaturated fats, Vitamin E. present in almonds are believed to reduce stress  hormone level in blood.

Water
The magic drink ( excuse me to include this as a food), one glass of pure cool water- Drink it slowly while thinking in mind that your nerves are relaxing slowly and steadily.

Oats
You can control your stress by boosting serotonin levels in blood by increasing the intake of carbohydrates. The intake of Oats will provide much Carbohydrates which will reduce the stress.

More to Read

Wednesday, August 18, 2010

INFORMATION ON SALMONELLA OUTBREAK IN EGGS

This post is meant to all egg lovers to caution them from the out break of Salmonella poisoning in Eggs in USA. U.S. Food and Drug Administration is investigating about source and intensity of contamination. FDA is very keen in providing certain information to all consumers of eggs, Retail Food Stores and Food Service Establishments and Shell Egg Producers. All readers are requested to follow the suggestions given below. Any doubt, please feel free to ask us.

EGGS ON SALMONELLA

READ EGGS RECALL AFTER SALMONELLA OUTBREAK

Information for Consumers

  • Don’t eat recalled eggs or products containing recalled eggs. Recalled eggs might still be in grocery stores, restaurants, and consumers' homes. Consumers who have recalled eggs should discard them or return them to their retailer for a refund. Individuals who think they might have become ill from eating recalled eggs should consult their health care providers.
  • Keep shell eggs refrigerated at ≤45˚ F (≤7˚ C) at all times.    
  • Discard cracked or dirty eggs. 
  • Wash hands, cooking utensils, and food preparation surfaces with soap and water after contact with raw eggs.  
  • Eggs should be cooked until both the white and the yolk are firm and eaten promptly after cooking.
  • Do not keep eggs warm or at room temperature for more than 2 hours.   
  • Refrigerate unused or leftover egg- containing foods promptly.  
  • Avoid eating raw eggs.
  • Avoid restaurant dishes made with raw or undercooked, unpasteurized eggs. Restaurants should use pasteurized eggs in any recipe (such as Hollandaise sauce or Caesar salad dressing) that calls for raw eggs.
  • Consumption of raw or undercooked eggs should be avoided, especially by young children, elderly persons, and person with weakened immune systems or debilitating illness.

Information for Retail Food Stores and Food Service Establishments

  • In retail and food service establishments, pasteurized egg products or pasteurized in-shell eggs are recommended in place of pooled eggs or raw or undercooked shell eggs. If used, raw shell eggs should be fully cooked. If shell eggs are served undercooked, a consumer advisory should be posted in accordance with the Food Code.
  • In hospitals, nursing homes, adult or childcare facilities, and senior centers, pasteurized egg products or pasteurized in-shell eggs should be used in place of pooled eggs or raw or undercooked eggs.
  • Eggs should be purchased or received from a distributor refrigerated and stored refrigerated at ≤ 45˚ F (≤7˚ C) at all times.

Information for Shell Egg Producers

  • Flock-based SE-control programs that include routine microbiologic testing are mandatory for producers with more than 50,000 hens, as of July 9, 2010, under FDA’s egg safety rule. 
  • This new regulation is part of a coordinated strategy between the FDA and USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS). The FDA and the FSIS will continue to work closely together to ensure that egg safety measures are consistent, coordinated, and complementary.
  • FDA continues to work with United Egg Producers and other industry organizations to educate producers and those who store and/or transport eggs about the new requirements.

FOR MORE INFORMATION

  1. Fresh Eggs: Playing It Safe, from FoodSafety.gov, the gateway to Federal food safety information.

More Eggish Info:

EGGS RECALL AFTER SALMONELLA OUTBREAK

Another threat from marketed egg, that may seriously affect the health of people all over the world. The intensity of this outbreak is not yet fully analyzed.The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is investigating the farm to try to find the source of contamination. The Wright County Egg Farm in Galt, Iowa, announced a voluntary recall of 228 million eggs after they were linked to hundreds of cases of salmonella poisoning in California, Colorado and Minnesota.

salmonella eggs

Salmonella Enteritidis Outbreak in Shell Eggs

FDA is collaborating with Federal and state partners to investigate a nationwide increase of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) infections. Partners include the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and state public health and agriculture officials. Joint FDA/CDC field investigation teams are working to identify potential sources of SE infection in shell eggs.

Investigation of the Outbreak

Since May 2010, CDC has identified a nationwide, four-fold increase in the number of SE isolates through PulseNet, the national subtyping network made up of state and local public health laboratories and federal food regulatory laboratories. CDC received reports of approximately 200 SE cases every week during late June and early July. Normally, CDC has received an average of some 50 reports of SE illness each week for the past five years. Many states have also reported increases of this pattern since May 2010.

Epidemiologic investigations conducted by public health officials in California, Colorado, and Minnesota have revealed several restaurants or events where more than one person ill with this type of SE has eaten. Preliminary information from these investigations suggests that shell eggs are the likely source of infections in many of these restaurants or events.

FDA, CDC, and state partners conducted a traceback investigation and found many of these restaurants or events received shell eggs from a single firm, Wright County Egg, in Galt, Iowa. FDA is currently conducting an extensive investigation at the firm in Iowa. The investigation involves sampling, records review and looking for potential sources of contamination, such as feed. As the investigation continues, updates will be made available.

On August 13, 2010, Wright County Egg of Galt, Iowa, conducted a nationwide voluntary recall of shell eggs that it had shipped since May 19, 2010 to food wholesalers, distribution centers and foodservice companies in California, Illinois, Missouri, Colorado, Nebraska, Minnesota, Wisconsin and Iowa. These companies distribute nationwide.

The recalled shell eggs are packaged under the following brand names: Lucerne, Albertson, Mountain Dairy, Ralph’s, Boomsma’s, Sunshine, Hillandale, Trafficanda, Farm Fresh, Shoreland, Lund, Dutch Farms and Kemps.

State and local partners are also investigating human Salmonella infections in Arizona, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, North Carolina, Nevada, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Texas.

FOR MORE INFORMATION

More Eggish Info:

Friday, August 06, 2010

LEAD IN LIPSTICKS- HAZARDOUS SIDE EFFECTS TO HEALTH

Recently we have noticed a number of cases that caused inflammation on lips due to excessive use of lipsticks. The symptoms of lipstick poisoning varies from person to person. The lipstick poisoning can be classified into two different categories, allergic reactions and chronic lip eruptions. Chronic lip eruptions some times lead to cancer also. This matter was quite shocking and we enquired about the reasons behind such hazardous reactions.

lipstick dangers lipstick allergy

 

Why allergic reactions occurs from Lipsticks

The allergic reactions are due to the presence of any of the ingredients used in the manufacture of lipsticks. It can be the color, preservative, lead or any other material present in the lipstick. Usually, this reactions will disappear upon the discontinuation of the application of lipstick.

 

Why lip eruptions and cancer happens due to long term lipstick use

This mostly happens after a long term use of lipsticks. We have found that the presence of Lead in the lipsticks is the major cause for such reactions. Almost all major brands of lipsticks contain Lead in considerable quantity. This get mixed with the saliva and reaches the stomach even after 6 hours of application. In 1990s, reports of analytical results from a commercial testing laboratory suggested that traces of lead in lipstick might be of concern

How to determine Lead content in Lipsticks?

FDA scientists developed and validated a highly sensitive method for the analysis of total lead content in lipstick and applied the method to the same selection of lipsticks evaluated by the CSC. FDA found lead in all of the lipsticks tested, ranging from 0.09 ppm to 3.06 ppm with an average value of 1.07 ppm. FDA concludes that the lead levels found are within the range that would be expected from lipsticks formulated with permitted color additives and other ingredients that had been prepared under good manufacturing practice conditions.

Determination of total lead in lipstick can be done by laboratory methods such as development and validation of a microwave-assisted digestion, inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometric method. http://journal.scconline.org/pdf/cc2009open/cc060n04/p00405-p00414.pdf

Action by FDA on lead poisoning in lipsticks

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has received a number of inquiries regarding reports of lead contamination in lipstick. According to FDA website, FDA does not believe that the lead content found in its recent lipstick analyses is a safety concern. However, the agency is planning to investigate a wider range of lipsticks than has been tested so far, including lipsticks similar to those recently assessed for lead content by another laboratory. If FDA determines that a safety concern for lead in lipstick exists, the agency will advise the industry and the public and will take appropriate action under the authority of the FD&C Act in protecting the health and welfare of consumers. 

Possible risks of lead contamination in lipsticks

Lead is poisonous substance to animals that may damage the nervous system and causes brain disorders. Excessive lead also causes blood disorders in mammals. Lead is a potent neurotoxin that accumulates both in soft tissues and the bones. Long-term exposure to lead or its salts (especially soluble salts or the strong oxidant PbO2) can cause nephropathy, and colic-like abdominal pains. It may also cause weakness in fingers, wrists, or ankles.

Lead exposure also causes small increases in blood pressure, particularly in middle-aged and older people and can cause anemia. Exposure to high lead levels can severely damage the brain and kidneys in adults or children and ultimately cause death. In pregnant women, high levels of exposure to lead may cause miscarriage. Chronic, high-level exposure have shown to reduce fertility.

References:
  1. Hepp, N. M., Mindak, W. R., and Cheng, J., "Determination of Total Lead in Lipstick: Development and Single Lab Validation of a Microwave-Assisted Digestion, Inductively Coupled Plasma–Mass Spectrometric Method," Journal of Cosmetic Science, Vol. 60, No. 4, July/August, 2009.
  2. Letter from Edmund G. Brown, Jr., Attorney General, State of California to J. L. Sean Slattery, David Lavine, and Laralei Paras regarding Proposition 65 claims concerning lead in lipstick, March 3, 2008.
  3. Al-Saleh, I., Al-Enazi, S., and Shinwari, N., "Assessment of Lead in Cosmetic Products," Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, Vol. 54, pp. 105-113, 2009. December 27, 2007; updated June 25, 2009, September 2, 2009, and November 3, 2009

Source: FDA

More to Read

Monday, July 12, 2010

WATERMELON AND FURADAN

Furadan is the trade name of Carbofuran, which is 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl methylcarbamate (CAS number is 1563-66-2) manufactured  by FMC Corporation. This pesticide is very successful in controlling pests in field of crops like watermelon, potatoes, beet, maize, sorghum, sunflowers, oilseed rape, alfalfa, peanuts, soya beans, sugar cane, rice, cotton, coffee, cucurbits, tobacco, lavender, citrus, vines, strawberries, bananas and other vegetable crops. Due to its cholinesterase inhibitor activity, carbofuran is considered a neurotoxin pesticide and is deadly to human beings, animals and birds.

Possibilities of Carbofuran dangers

FURADAN AND WATERMELON Furadan  is a systemic insecticide, in which the plant absorbs through the roots, and distributed mainly in vessels, stems and leaves. Usually fruits are not getting precipitated with traces, but some studies in India showed that it may precipitate in banana, or watermelon.

Furadan is water soluble and acts as systemic pesticide. Hence the chances of absorbing and storing as a metabolite in Watermelon is highly possible. Authorities in all countries must  perform valid studies in this area to find the exact truth.

WATERMELON AND CARBOFURANWatermelon and other fleshy fruits are on high risk while considering these facts. Many countries like USA already banned the presence of Carbofuran in any foods or fruits. On May 11 2009, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced that traces of carbofuran can no longer remain on food sold in the United States, whether domestic or imported, 

This ban clearly indicates that the traces of Furadan or Carbofuran is present in many fruits and crops where they were cultivated by using this pesticide as prime insecticide. Kenya is another country that took strong measures against the use of carbofuran.

In their website, www.furadanfacts.com, FMC says” Furadan remains a useful product, vital to the sustainability of agriculture. FMC believes the proper use of Furadan does not create a risk to human health, wildlife, or the environment, and we will continue to promote its responsible use.”

But this claim cannot be accepted as it is stated. Until now , there is no clear studies about the after effects of prolonged consumption of mild traces of Carbofuran or its metabolites done anywhere in world. Developing countries like India and China still permit the use in paddy field and cotton fields.

Some of the trade names that are available in market :

  1. 'Curaterr' (Bayer)
  2. 'Furadan' (FMC)
  3. 'Agrofuran' (Sanonda)
  4. 'Carbodan' (Makhteshim-Agan)
  5. 'Carbosip' (Sipcam)
  6. 'Cekufuran' (Cequisa)
  7. 'Chinufur' (Agro-Chemie)
  8. 'Furacarb' (Aimco)
  9. 'Fury' (Nagarjuna Agrichem)
  10. 'Terrafuran' (Sanachem)

Now it is the time to react against this dangerous pesticide and I request my readers to share facts with me about the same subject so that a highly updated post can be published here.

More foodish facts:

Friday, July 09, 2010

MAN LIVES WITHOUT FOOD AND WATER FOR YEARS

I was quite shocked hearing that Prahlad Jani, a holy man,known as Mataji is claimed to be living without food and water for years. Usually human beings can live without food for several weeks, with the body consuming on its fat and stored proteins. But without water human body can survive only three or four days. But in this case, Mr Prahlad Jani is surviving without food and water for more than 70 years.

image

Mr Prahlad Jani, is a Hindu saint who was born and brought up in Charod village in Mehsana district in Gujarat. This unmarried man or “Brahmachari” follows the yoga lifestyle. He wears the dress of a devotee of the goddess Ambaji - a red sari-like garment, nose ring, bangles, crimson flowers in the hair and vermilion "tika" mark on his forehead, similar to a married Hindu women.

He claims that he has survived several decades without food or water because of a hole in his palate. According to him drops of water filter through this hole which can be utilized instead of food and water, surviving himself on air and meditation

 

Medical Investigations on secrets behind chronic fasting

A detailed study was performed by India’s Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), the state defense and military research institute in April 2010. They tried to find the secret behind the survival without food and water, hoping that it may benefit  warfront soldiers, astronauts etc.

Various laboratory tests were performed on Mr Prahlad Jani’s heart, lungs and memory capacity. Scanning, hormonal tests, enzymes, energy metabolism and genes. The laboratory results and concluding findings will be released soon.

This man cooperated well with the investigations and he spent 15 days under constant surveillance under cameras and closed circuit television. During these period he didn’t eat, drink or go to the toilet. He avoided bathing also in order to avoid false conclusion that he may drink during bathing.

Examiner Shah's words sound different: "We have reached a hypothesis which confirms that Jani's body has certainly undergone a biological transformation due to yogic kriyas. And he can control his inner organs' functions, which itself is intriguing."

Earlier Investigations on Mr Prahlad Jani

This is the second time, this man was brought under medical investigations to find the mystery behind his survival. In 2003, similar investigations were done on him. Read to know more-http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3236118.stm

In both investigations, this man was found to be 100% normal.

How to reach Mr Prahlad Jani

Do you like to perform any Medical Investigation or want to learn the technique? Contact Mr Prahlad Jaani or his devotees to meet him at the earliest.

Location:
Charod Village, Mehsana District, Gujarat State, India

Distance:
Approximately 74 km from Ahmedabad, Capital City of Gujarat

Best Time to Visit:
October to March

How to Reach Charod, Mehsana
By Air: The nearest airport from Mehsana is located 100 km from Ahmedabad.
By Train: Mehsana is a railway junction and have number of trains from all parts of Gujarat
By Road: State and private buses are always available. Apart from this, taxis and private cars are also viable options to reach.

image 

Something to read more:

Wednesday, June 30, 2010

HYDROLYZED VEGETABLE PROTEIN DANGERS

Hydrolyzed vegetable protein or Hydrolyzed Protein is a flavor enhancer added to many processed foods such as soups, sauces and seasonings. (Processed foods are foods that aren't sold raw; they're processed in some way by food-processing companies – for example, by combining ingredients and adding them to other products, which may be cooked.)

HVP FOOD RECALL

SALMONELLA All the hydrolyzed vegetable protein (HVP) made in powder and paste form by one manufacturer, Basic Food Flavors Inc. on or after Sept. 17, 2009, is being recalled. The product is being recalled because of the potential to be contaminated by Salmonella Tennessee, a bacterium that can make you sick. Salmonella is a bacterium that can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, and/or fever in anyone, and more serious illness in people with weak immune systems (such as infants, the elderly, people with AIDS, and people who are on chemotherapy or who take some kinds of medications for conditions like rheumatoid arthritis). Most people who become infected with Salmonella recover without treatment within a week or less, but people with weakened immune systems might not. In these people, the illness can be extremely serious or even fatal.. 

Some foods that used Basic Food Flavor's HVP as an ingredient during this time also are being recalled if they were not cooked during processing or will not be cooked by consumers; for example, some snack chips and some powdered dip mixes.

What should I do if I ate one of the recalled products?

To date there have been no reports of illness from any of the recalled products, even though the HVP has been in distribution for more than six months. These products present a low risk. However, you should watch for signs of infection, including the symptoms listed above: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, or fever. Call your health care professional right away if you develop any of these symptoms. If you have a weak immune system because of one of the reasons listed above or for any other reason, it's especially important for you to get medical help right away if you have these symptoms.

Reporting your illness to your health care professional also helps CDC determine if an outbreak of illness is starting.

How can I find out if a food I've bought or want to buy has HVP in it?

Instead of trying to check food labels to see if a food has HVP in it, it's better to go to the list of recalled products on FDA's Web site to find out if a company has announced a recall. You can also call the company that makes the food or check the company's Web site to see if the company has announced a recall because many products containing HVP are not associated with these recalls.

Although FDA generally encourages consumers to check food labels, these are better ways to identify the recalled products than checking food labels, in this particular situation, because many products that contain HVP aren't being recalled for the reasons described above.  Also, HVP can be listed in different ways on food labels, depending on what ingredients were used to make the HVP.

Check www.FoodSafety.gov for a list of recalled products

Source: FDA

More Readings

DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS

 

Congress defined the term "dietary supplement" in the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994. A dietary supplement is a product taken by mouth that contains a "dietary ingredient" intended to supplement the diet. The "dietary ingredients" in these products may include: vitamins, minerals, herbs or other botanicals, amino acids, and substances such as enzymes, organ tissues, glandulars, and metabolites. Dietary supplements can also be extracts or concentrates, and may be found in many forms such as tablets, capsules, softgels, gelcaps, liquids, or powders. They can also be in other forms, such as a bar, but if they are, information on their label must not represent the product as a conventional food or a sole item of a meal or diet. Whatever their form may be, DSHEA places dietary supplements in a special category under the general umbrella of "foods," not drugs, and requires that every supplement be labeled a dietary supplement.

What is a "new dietary ingredient" in a dietary supplement?

DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994 defined both of the terms "dietary ingredient" and "new dietary ingredient" as components of dietary supplements. In order for an ingredient of a dietary supplement to be a "dietary ingredient," it must be one or any combination of the following substances:

  • a vitamin,
  • a mineral,
  • an herb or other botanical,
  • an amino acid,
  • a dietary substance for use by man to supplement the diet by increasing the total dietary intake (e.g., enzymes or tissues from organs or glands), or
  • a concentrate, metabolite, constituent or extract.

A "new dietary ingredient" is one that meets the above definition for a "dietary ingredient" and was not sold in the U.S. in a dietary supplement before October 15, 1994.

What is FDA's role in regulating dietary supplements versus the manufacturer's responsibility for marketing them?

In October 1994, the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) was signed into law by President Clinton. Before this time, dietary supplements were subject to the same regulatory requirements as were other foods. This new law, which amended the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, created a new regulatory framework for the safety and labeling of dietary supplements.

Under DSHEA, a firm is responsible for determining that the dietary supplements it manufactures or distributes are safe and that any representations or claims made about them are substantiated by adequate evidence to show that they are not false or misleading. This means that dietary supplements do not need approval from FDA before they are marketed. Except in the case of a new dietary ingredient, where pre-market review for safety data and other information is required by law, a firm does not have to provide FDA with the evidence it relies on to substantiate safety or effectiveness before or after it markets its products.

Also, manufacturers need to register themselves pursuant to the Bioterrorism Act with FDA before producing or selling supplements. In June, 2007, FDA published comprehensive regulations for Current Good Manufacturing Practices for those who manufacture, package or hold dietary supplement products. (See Current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMPs) - Dietary Supplements) These regulations focus on practices that ensure the identity, purity, quality, strength and composition of dietary supplements.

When must a manufacturer or distributor notify FDA about a dietary supplement it intends to market in the U.S.?

The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) requires that a manufacturer or distributor notify FDA if it intends to market a dietary supplement in the U.S. that contains a "new dietary ingredient." The manufacturer (and distributor) must demonstrate to FDA why the ingredient is reasonably expected to be safe for use in a dietary supplement, unless it has been recognized as a food substance and is present in the food supply.

There is no authoritative list of dietary ingredients that were marketed before October 15, 1994. Therefore, manufacturers and distributors are responsible for determining if a dietary ingredient is "new", and if it is not, for documenting that the dietary supplements its sells, containing the dietary ingredient, were marketed before October 15, 1994. For more detailed information, seenew dietary ingredients.

What information must the manufacturer disclose on the label of a dietary supplement?

FDA regulations require that certain information appear on dietary supplement labels. Information that must be on a dietary supplement label includes: a descriptive name of the product stating that it is a "supplement;" the name and place of business of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor; a complete list of ingredients; and the net contents of the product.

In addition, each dietary supplement (except for some small volume products or those produced by eligible small businesses) must have nutrition labeling in the form of a

"Supplement Facts" panel. This label must identify each dietary ingredient contained in the product.

Must all ingredients be declared on the label of a dietary supplement?

Yes, ingredients not listed on the "Supplement Facts" panel must be listed in the "other ingredient" statement beneath the panel. The types of ingredients listed there could include the source of dietary ingredients, if not identified in the "Supplement Facts" panel (e.g., rose hips as the source of vitamin C), other food ingredients (e.g., water and sugar), and technical additives or processing aids (e.g., gelatin, starch, colors, stabilizers, preservatives, and flavors). For more details, see: Federal Register Final Rule - 62 FR 49826 September 23, 1997.

Are dietary supplement serving sizes standardized or are there restrictions on the amount of a nutrient that can be in one serving?

Other than the manufacturer's responsibility to ensure safety, there are no rules that limit a serving size or the amount of a nutrient in any form of dietary supplements. This decision is made by the manufacturer and does not require FDA review or approval.

Where can I get information about a specific dietary supplement?

Manufacturers and distributors do not need FDA approval to sell their dietary supplements. This means that FDA does not keep a list of manufacturers, distributors or the dietary supplement products they sell. If you want more detailed information than the label tells you about a specific product, you may contact the manufacturer of that brand directly. The name and address of the manufacturer or distributor can be found on the label of the dietary supplement.

Who has the responsibility for ensuring that a dietary supplement is safe?

By law (DSHEA), the manufacturer is responsible for ensuring that its dietary supplement products are safe before they are marketed. Unlike drug products that must be proven safe and effective for their intended use before marketing, there are no provisions in the law for FDA to "approve" dietary supplements for safety or effectiveness before they reach the consumer. Under DSHEA, once the product is marketed, FDA has the responsibility for showing that a dietary supplement is "unsafe," before it can take action to restrict the product's use or removal from the marketplace. However, manufacturers and distributors of dietary supplements must record, investigate and forward to FDA any reports they receive of serious adverse events associated with the use of their products that are reported to them directly. FDA is able to evaluate these reports and any other adverse event information reported directly to us by healthcare providers or consumers to identify early signals that a product may present safety risks to consumers. You can find more information on reporting adverse events associated with the use of dietary supplements at Dietary Supplements - Adverse Event Reporting.

Do manufacturers or distributors of dietary supplements have to tell FDA or consumers what evidence they have about their product's safety or what evidence they have to back up the claims they are making for them?

No, except for rules described above that govern "new dietary ingredients," there is no provision under any law or regulation that FDA enforces that requires a firm to disclose to FDA or consumers the information they have about the safety or purported benefits of their dietary supplement products. Likewise, there is no prohibition against them making this information available either to FDA or to their customers. It is up to each firm to set its own policy on disclosure of such information. For more information, see claims that can be made for dietary supplements

How can consumers inform themselves about safety and other issues related to dietary supplements?

It is important to be well informed about products before purchasing them. Because it is often difficult to know what information is reliable and what is questionable, consumers may first want to contact the manufacturer about the product they intend to purchase (see previous question "Where can I get information about a specific dietary supplement?"). In addition, to help consumers in their search to be better informed, FDA is providing the following sites: Tips For The Savvy Supplement User: Making Informed Decisions And Evaluating Information (includes information on how to evaluate research findings and health information on-line) and Claims That Can Be Made for Conventional Foods and Dietary Supplements, (provides information on what types of claims can be made for dietary supplements).

What is FDA's oversight responsibility for dietary supplements?

Because dietary supplements are under the "umbrella" of foods, FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) is responsible for the agency's oversight of these products. FDA's efforts to monitor the marketplace for potential illegal products (that is, products that may be unsafe or make false or misleading claims) include obtaining information from inspections of dietary supplement manufacturers and distributors, the Internet, consumer and trade complaints, occasional laboratory analyses of selected products, and adverse events associated with the use of supplements that are reported to the agency.

Does FDA routinely analyze the content of dietary supplements?

In that FDA has limited resources to analyze the composition of food products, including dietary supplements, it focuses these resources first on public health emergencies and products that may have caused injury or illness. Enforcement priorities then go to products thought to be unsafe or fraudulent or in violation of the law. The remaining funds are used for routine monitoring of products pulled from store shelves or collected during inspections of manufacturing firms. The agency does not analyze dietary supplements before they are sold to consumers. The manufacturer is responsible for ensuring that the "Supplement Facts" label and ingredient list are accurate, that the dietary ingredients are safe, and that the content matches the amount declared on the label. FDA does not have resources to analyze dietary supplements sent to the agency by consumers who want to know their content. Instead, consumers may contact the manufacturer or a commercial laboratory for an analysis of the content.

Is it legal to market a dietary supplement product as a treatment or cure for a specific disease or condition?

No, a product sold as a dietary supplement and promoted on its label or in labeling* as a treatment, prevention or cure for a specific disease or condition would be considered an unapproved--and thus illegal--drug. To maintain the product's status as a dietary supplement, the label and labeling must be consistent with the provisions in the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994.

*Labeling refers to the label as well as accompanying material that is used by a manufacturer to promote and market a specific product.

Who validates claims and what kinds of claims can be made on dietary supplement labels?

FDA receives many consumer inquiries about the validity of claims for dietary supplements, including product labels, advertisements, media, and printed materials. The responsibility for ensuring the validity of these claims rests with the manufacturer, FDA, and, in the case of advertising, with the Federal Trade Commission.

By law, manufacturers may make three types of claims for their dietary supplement products: health claims, structure/function claims, and nutrient content claims. Some of these claims describe: the link between a food substance and disease or a health-related condition; the intended benefits of using the product; or the amount of a nutrient or dietary substance in a product. Different requirements generally apply to each type of claim, and are described in more detail.

Why do some supplements have wording (a disclaimer) that says: "This statement has not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease"?

This statement or "disclaimer" is required by law (DSHEA) when a manufacturer makes a structure/function claim on a dietary supplement label. In general, these claims describe the role of a nutrient or dietary ingredient intended to affect the structure or function of the body. The manufacturer is responsible for ensuring the accuracy and truthfulness of these claims; they are not approved by FDA. For this reason, the law says that if a dietary supplement label includes such a claim, it must state in a "disclaimer" that FDA has not evaluated this claim. The disclaimer must also state that this product is not intended to "diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease," because only a drug can legally make such a claim.

How are advertisements for dietary supplements regulated?

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) regulates advertising, including infomercials, for dietary supplements and most other products sold to consumers. FDA works closely with FTC in this area, but FTC's work is directed by different laws. For more information on FTC, go to the FTC web site. Advertising and promotional material received in the mail are also regulated under different laws and are subject to regulation by the U.S. Postal Inspection Service.

How do I, my health care provider, or any informed individual report a problem or illness caused by a dietary supplement to FDA?

If you think you have suffered a serious harmful effect or illness from a product FDA regulates, including dietary supplements, the first thing you should do is contact or see your healthcare provider immediately. Then, you and your health care provider are encouraged to report this problem to FDA.

Your health care provider can call FDA's MedWatch hotline at 1-800-FDA-1088, submit a report by fax to 1-800-FDA-0178 or on-line. The MedWatch program provides a way for health care providers to report problems believed to be caused by FDA-regulated products such as drugs, medical devices, medical foods and dietary supplements.

You, or anyone, may report a serious adverse event or illness directly to FDA if you believe it is related to the use of any of the above-mentioned products, by calling FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088, by fax at 1-800-FDA-0178 or reporting on-line. FDA would like to know when you think a product caused you a serious problem, even if you are not sure that the product was the cause, or even if you do not visit a doctor or clinic. In addition to communicating with FDA on-line or by phone, you may use the postage-paid MedWatch form available from the FDA Web site.

NOTE: The identity of the reporter and/or patient is kept confidential.

For a general, not serious, complaint or concern about food products, including dietary supplements, you may contact the consumer complaint coordinator at the local FDA District Office nearest you. See the following Web address for the telephone number: Consumer Complaint Coordinators

 
For more recent information see Dietary Supplements. Source: FDA

Thursday, May 20, 2010

PROTECT YOUR HEART WITH 51 TIPS

Recently I received a mail that showed some tips to protect our heart. I am not sure who collected these tips. But I felt these as nice tips I have ever read in protecting our heart. Hope my readers also find this as useful. If you have any disagree, please share with me too..So lets have a join effort to save our heart. And my mouthful of thanks to the person(s) who collected these tips.

HEART IMAGE

  1. Visit http://easterndish.blogspot.com once in every week to get good tips for health
  2. Avoid beverages like soda, coffee, colas and so on.
  3. Balance your lifestyle. Devote equal time each week to work and fun.
  4. Begin each meal with a raw vegetable salad.
  5. Choose to be radiantly healthy. Keep yourself informed about the nutritive value of every food you buy.
  6. Cut down on high sugar products like soft drinks, ice-cream, candy and cookies in your diet.
  7. Cut out all deep-fried foods from your diet.
  8. Do a nice turn to someone you don't know too well, but who could do with a friend.
  9. Do keep in touch with friends. Call up or visit them and be at peace with the world.
  10. Do not use elevators when you can climb the stairs.
  11. Do take a moment off to mentally list out the nutritional value of the food you're about to eat.
  12. Don't rush through your meals. Set aside enough time to appreciate, enjoy and digest your food.
  13. Drink eight glasses of water a day.
  14. Eat just to the point of the fullness. Don't stuff yourself!
  15. Eat only freshly cooked meals, not refrigerated leftovers.
  16. Eat popcorn (rather than chips) while watching a movie.
  17. Enroll in a TM program ( Transcendental Meditation) (TM) today.
  18. Enroll in an activity (like dancing, swimming or roller skating...) you never indulged in because you were afraid of what people might say.
  19. Enroll today in an exercise programme.
  20. Focus on your breathing. Take a deep breath, then exhale slowly. Repeat a couple of times a day.
  21. Forgive someone who you think has done you wrong and cleanse your spirit of rancor.
  22. Get a good night's sleep, every night.
  23. Go on a juice fast for a day. Start with vegetable juice, and sip fruit for lunch and dinner..
  24. Include high fiber foods and plenty of fruits, vegetables and grains in planning your diet.
  25. Include one green vegetable and one yellow vegetable in every meal.
  26. Include two vegetables and one fruit in every meal.
  27. Join kids in a sports activity and rediscover the joys of childhood.
  28. Kick the old coffee habit. Have a glass of fresh fruit juice instead.
  29. Learn the healing power of laughter. Watch a crazy movie, recall a joke or read a funny book and laugh out loud.
  30. Learn to relax. Spend 20 minutes consciously relaxing each muscle of your body. . Spend 20 minutes a day in silent meditation, prayer or contemplation.
  31. Listen to soothing music for 15 minutes at least each day.
  32. Make a light snack of assorted sprouts.
  33. Make every meal an enjoyable experience. Set dishes out attractively and chew slowly to appreciate the full flavor of the foods you eat.
  34. Make it a point to have dinner with the entire family at the table, and not in front of the TV.
  35. Never skip a meal, even if you're on a diet. Eat a fresh fruit or have vegetable juice instead.
  36. Once a week have only fresh fruits until noon, make lunch the first meal of the day.
  37. Read a great book once a week.
  38. Restrict alcohol consumption and Stop smoking.
  39. Retain peels of potato, cucumber, carrot and tomato while cooking.
  40. Shop for groceries yourself. Notice the look, feel and smell of fresh fruit and vegetables and enjoy their intrinsic goodness.
  41. Sit at the table at meal times. Don't read the paper or review bills while eating.
  42. Spend 10 minutes every morning and evening doing basic stretches.
  43. Spend a quiet half-hour chatting with your family.
  44. Start the day with a glass of warm water and a dash of lime.
  45. Stream or boil vegetables (rather than fry or saute).
  46. Take a brisk, 20 minute invigorating walk each morning.
  47. Tap the powers of your sub-conscious. Relax your body for 20 minutes and project the Perfect You're on your mind screen.
  48. Use only fresh vegetables.
  49. Use salt in moderation
  50. Wash vegetables thoroughly in clean water before chopping.
  51. Watch out for eating habits paired with emotional states, like reaching for a chocolate when you are depressed. Resist the urge and eat fruit instead.

Further Readings:

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